中英 | 40年来“最短”《政府工作报告》,一篇带你全部读懂要点

Million英语 2020-05-23 10:05


5月22日上午9时,第十三届全国人民代表大会第三次会议(the third session of the 13th National People's Congress)在北京人民大会堂开幕。国务院总理李克强代表国务院作政府工作报告(government work report)


新华社记者 申宏 摄


学习内容又来了~“政府工作报告”获取中英对照全文,大家保存学习,以下是报告中的双语要点总结。


1
2019年和今年以来工作回顾


A review of our work in 2019 and the first few months of 2020


❶ The economy remained stable overall

经济运行总体平稳


GDP reached 99.1 trillion yuan, growing by 6.1%.

国内生产总值达到99.1万亿元,增长6.1%


13.52 million new urban jobs were added, and the surveyed unemployment rate was below 5.3%.

城镇新增就业1352万人,调查失业率在5.3%以下


Consumer prices rose by 2.9%.

居民消费价格上涨2.9%


A basic equilibrium was maintained in the balance of payments.

国际收支基本平衡


 The economic structure continued to improve, and the development priorities of regions are better aligned

经济结构和区域布局继续优化


Total retail sales of consumer goods exceeded 40 trillion yuan.

社会消费品零售总额超过40万亿元


Consumption continued to serve as the main engine driving growth.

消费持续发挥主要拉动作用


For the first time, permanent urban residents exceeded 60 percent of the population.

常住人口城镇化率首次超过60%


❸ 发展新动能不断增强

New growth drivers became stronger


Business startups and innovation continued to surge nationwide, with an average net increase of over 10,000 businesses per day.

大众创业万众创新深入开展,企业数量日均净增1万户以上


❹ 改革开放迈出重要步伐

Major headway was made in reform and opening-up


We cut taxes and fees by 2.36 trillion yuan, going well beyond our target of 2 trillion yuan, with manufacturing and micro and small businesses benefiting most.

减税降费2.36万亿元,超过原定的近2万亿元规模,制造业和小微企业受益最多


Regulations for the implementation of the Foreign Investment Law were adopted.

出台外商投资法实施条例


The China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone Lin'gang New Area was established.

增设上海自贸试验区新片区


❺ Pivotal progress was achieved in the three critical battles against poverty, pollution, and potential risk

三大攻坚战取得关键进展


Decisive achievements were made in poverty alleviation—the rural poor population was reduced by 11.09 million, and the poverty headcount ratio fell to 0.6 percent.

农村贫困人口减少1109万,贫困发生率降至0.6%,脱贫攻坚取得决定性成就


❻ Living standards continued to improve

民生进一步改善


Per capita disposable personal income topped 30,000 yuan.

居民人均可支配收入超过3万元


The number of students in compulsory education receiving living allowances increased by almost 40 percent.

义务教育学生生活补助人数增加近40%


Enrollments at vocational colleges grew by one million.

高职院校扩招100万人


2
今年发展主要目标和下一阶段工作总体部署


Main targets for development and the overall plan for the next stage of work


❶ Main targets

主要目标


Over 9 million new urban jobs, a surveyed urban unemployment rate of around 6%, and a registered urban unemployment rate of around 5.5%.

城镇新增就业900万人以上,城镇调查失业率6%左右,城镇登记失业率5.5%左右


CPI increase of around 3.5%.

居民消费价格涨幅3.5%左右


More stable and higher-quality imports and exports, and a basic equilibrium in the balance of payments.

进出口促稳提质,国际收支基本平衡


Growth in personal income that is basically in step with economic growth.

居民收入增长与经济增长基本同步


Elimination of poverty among all rural residents living below the current poverty line and in all poor counties.

现行标准下农村贫困人口全部脱贫、贫困县全部摘帽


Effective prevention and control of major financial risks.

重大金融风险有效防控


A further drop in energy consumption per unit of GDP and the discharge of major pollutants.

单位国内生产总值能耗和主要污染物排放量继续下降


Accomplishment of the 13th Five-Year Plan.

努力完成“十三五”规划目标任务


We have not set a specific target for economic growth this year.

没有提出全年经济增速具体目标


原因:主要因为全球疫情和经贸形势不确定性很大,我国发展面临一些难以预料的影响因素。
This is because our country will face some factors that are difficult to predict in its development, due to the great uncertainty regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and the world economic and trade environment. 

这样做,有利于引导各方面集中精力抓好“六稳”、“六保”。
Not setting a specific target for economic growth will enable all of us to concentrate on ensuring stability on the six fronts and security in the six areas.


❷ Pursue a more proactive and impactful fiscal policy

积极的财政政策要更加积极有为


Deficit-to-GDP ratio this year is projected at more than 3.6%, with a deficit increase of 1 trillion yuan over last year.

今年赤字率拟按3.6%以上安排,财政赤字规模比去年增加1万亿元


Issue 1 trillion yuan of government bonds for COVID-19 control.

发行1万亿元抗疫特别国债


❸ Pursue a prudent monetary policy in a more flexible and appropriate way

稳健的货币政策要更加灵活适度


Use a variety of tools such as required reserve ratio reductions, interest rate cuts, and re-lending to enable M2 money supply and aggregate financing to grow at notably higher rates than last year.

综合运用降准降息、再贷款等手段,引导广义货币供应量和社会融资规模增速明显高于去年


 Strengthen the employment-first policy with comprehensive measures

就业优先政策要全面强化


Strive to keep existing jobs secure.

努力稳定现有就业


Work actively to create new ones.

积极增加新的就业


Help unemployed people find work.

促进失业人员再就业


3
加大宏观政策实施力度,着力稳企业保就业 


Forcefully implementing macro policies to keep businesses and employment stable


 Further cut taxes and fees

加大减税降费力度


Aggressively implement current policies in conjunction with institutional arrangements.

强化阶段性政策,与制度性安排相结合


Expect additional savings of more than 2.5 trillion yuan for enterprises throughout the year.

预计全年为企业新增减负超过2.5万亿元


 Reduce enterprises’ production and operating costs

推动降低企业生产经营成本


❸ Increase financial support to keep business operations stable

强化对稳企业的金融支持


Ensure that micro, small, and medium businesses have significantly better access to loans and that overall financing costs drop markedly.

一定要让中小微企业贷款可获得性明显提高,一定要让综合融资成本明显下降


❹ Make every effort to stabilize and expand employment

千方百计稳定和扩大就业


Increase employment support for key sectors and key groups.

加强对重点行业、重点群体就业支持


Support flexible employment.

支持灵活就业


This year and next, provide more than 35 million vocational skills training opportunities, and grow enrollment in vocational colleges by 2 million.

资助以训稳岗,今明两年职业技能培训3500万人次以上,高职院校扩招200万人,要使更多劳动者长技能、好就业


4
依靠改革激发市场主体活力,增强发展新动能 


Energizing market entities through reform and strengthening the new drivers of growth


 Press ahead with reforms to streamline administration and delegate power, improve regulation, and upgrade services

深化“放管服”改革


Boost the resumption of work, production, and business activities.

促进全面复工复产、复市复业


Make sustained efforts to create a market-oriented, law-based, and internationalized business environment.

持续打造市场化、法治化、国际化营商环境


❷ Advance reforms to promote market-based allocation of production factors

推进要素市场化配置改革


❸ Improve the performance of state capital and SOE reforms

提升国资国企改革成效


❹ Foster an enabling environment for the development of the private sector

优化民营经济发展环境


❺ Encourage the upgrading of manufacturing and the growth of emerging industries

推动制造业升级和新兴产业发展


Boost smart manufacturing.

推进智能制造


Create new competitive strengths in the digital economy.

打造数字经济新优势


❻ Boost our capacity to support technological innovation

提高科技创新支撑能力


❼ Continue to encourage business startups and innovation nationwide

深入推进大众创业万众创新


5
实施扩大内需战略,推动经济发展方式加快转变 


Implementing the strategy of expanding domestic demand and promoting accelerated transformation of the economic growth model


 Promote the recovery of consumption

推动消费回升


Support the recovery and development of consumer services.

支持服务业恢复发展


 Expand effective investment

扩大有效投资


Priority will be given to new infrastructure and new urbanization initiatives and major projects, which not only boost consumption and benefit the people, but also facilitate structural adjustments and enhance the sustainability of growth. Efforts will be made mainly in the following three areas:

重点支持既促消费惠民生又调结构增后劲的“两新一重”建设,主要是


Step up the construction of new types of infrastructure, developing next-generation information networks.

加强新型基础设施建设,发展新一代信息网络


Strengthen the development of a new type of urbanization, improving public facilities and services in county seats and beginning the renovation of 39,000 old urban residential communities.

加强新型城镇化建设,大力提升县城公共设施和服务能力,新开工改造城镇老旧小区3.9万个


Redouble efforts to develop major transportation and water conservancy projects.

加强交通、水利等重大工程建设


 Steadily advance new urbanization

深入推进新型城镇化


 Step up implementation of China’s regional development strategies

加快落实区域发展战略


 Implement a package of policies to support Hubei’s development.

实施好支持湖北发展一揽子政策


 Ensure more effective protection of ecosystems and the environment

提高生态环境治理成效


 Safeguard energy security

保障能源安全


6
确保实现脱贫攻坚目标,促进农业丰收农民增收 


Achieving poverty reduction goals and working for good harvests and growth in rural income


 Win the fight against poverty

坚决打赢脱贫攻坚战


Channel greater energy into eliminating poverty in all remaining poor counties and villages.

加大剩余贫困县和贫困村攻坚力度


Continue to promote both poverty alleviation and rural revitalization.

接续推进脱贫与乡村振兴有效衔接


 Work to bolster agricultural production

着力抓好农业生产


Keep total crop acreage and grain output stable.

稳定粮食播种面积和产量


Penalize the acquisition of farmland for other purposes in violation of laws and regulations.

惩处违法违规侵占耕地行为


Increase the area of high-standard cropland by 5.33 million hectares.

新建高标准农田8000万亩


 Create more channels for rural residents to find employment and increase their incomes

拓展农民就业增收渠道


Support modern agricultural facilities, safe drinking water projects, and the improvement of living environments.

支持现代农业设施、饮水安全工程和人居环境整治


7
推进更高水平对外开放,稳住外贸外资基本盘 


Promoting higher-standard opening-up and stabilizing the overall performance of foreign trade and foreign investment


 Stabilize the overall performance of foreign trade

促进外贸基本稳定


Help businesses get more orders and keep their employees on.

支持企业增订单稳岗位保就业


Work actively to expand imports.

积极扩大进口


Foster a large globally-oriented market of higher standards.

发展更高水平面向世界的大市场


Step up utilization of foreign capital

积极利用外资


Significantly shorten the negative list for foreign investment.

大幅缩减外资准入负面清单


Draw up a negative list for cross-border trade in services.

出台跨境服务贸易负面清单


Foster an enabling market environment in which all companies, Chinese and foreign, are treated as equals and engaged in fair competition.

营造内外资企业一视同仁、公平竞争的市场环境


 Focus on quality in the joint pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative

高质量共建“一带一路”


Promote liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment

推动贸易和投资自由化便利化


8
围绕保障和改善民生,推动社会事业改革发展 


Advancing the reform and development of social programs to safeguard and improve living standards


 Enhance the public health system

加强公共卫生体系建设


Improve mechanisms for direct reporting and early warning of infectious diseases.

完善传染病直报和预警系统


Ensure prompt, open, and transparent release of epidemic information.

坚持及时公开透明发布疫情信息


Increase inputs into the R&D of vaccines, medicines, and rapid testing technologies.

加大疫苗、药物和快速检测技术研发投入


Build more medical facilities for epidemic control and treatment.

增加防疫救治医疗设施


Greatly enhance our prevention and control capability.

要大幅提升防控能力


Resolutely prevent a resurgence of COVID-19.

坚决防止疫情反弹


 Improve basic medical services

提高基本医疗服务水平


Pilot inter-provincial on-the-spot settlement of outpatient bills through basic medical insurance accounts.

开展门诊费用跨省直接结算试点


Tighten up supervision over food and drugs.

严格食品药品监管


❸ Develop more equitable and higher-quality education

推动教育公平发展和质量提升


See that teaching in primary and secondary schools and entrance examinations for senior high school and university are well-organized.

有序组织中小学教育教学和中高考工作


❹ Make greater effort to meet people’s basic living needs

加大基本民生保障力度


Increase the basic pension for retirees and the minimum basic old-age pension for rural and non-working urban residents.

上调退休人员基本养老金,提高城乡居民基础养老金最低标准


Extend the coverage of unemployment insurance and subsistence allowances.

扩大失业保险保障和低保保障范围


Ensure assistance is provided to anyone who runs into temporary difficulty.

对因灾因病遭遇暂时困难的人员,都要实施救助


 Organize rich intellectual and cultural activities for our people

丰富群众精神文化生活


❻ Create new and better ways to conduct social governance

加强和创新社会治理


❼ Strengthen accountability for workplace safety

强化安全生产责任


来源:中国日报双语新闻


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